solar trackers adjust the direction that a solar panel is facing according to the position of the Sun in the sky.
by adjusting the panels perpendicular to the sun, more sunlight hits them.
As less light is reflected in this way, the panels trap a greater amount of solar energy. The narrower the angle of incidence will be, the higher the energy a solar PV panel can generate.
A Solar Tracking System is a technology used to enhance the efficiency of solar panels by ensuring that they are aligned with the sun’s position throughout the day. This tracking system maximizes the amount of sunlight captured by the solar panels, resulting in increased energy production. There are two main types of solar tracking systems: single-axis and dual-axis trackers.
Here’s a basic outline of a Solar Tracking System project:
**1. Project Overview:**
Begin by providing an introduction to the project. Explain the purpose of the solar tracking system and its benefits in terms of energy production efficiency.
**2. System Design:**
Describe the design of your solar tracking system. Explain whether you’re creating a single-axis or dual-axis tracker. Illustrate the components involved, such as solar panels, sensors, motors, and the control unit.
**3. Components and Materials:**
List all the materials and components you’ll need for the project. This might include:
– Solar panels
– Light sensors (LDR sensors)
– Microcontroller (Arduino nano)
– Motor drivers
– Motors (sg90 servo motor)
– Mounting structure for solar panels
– Li-on battery
– L-Clamp, Dummy Wheel
– Wiring and connectors
**4. Circuit Design:**
Create a circuit diagram that shows how the components are connected. This would include connections between the microcontroller, sensors, motor drivers, and motors. Provide details about voltage levels, pin configurations, and any additional circuits required for things like power regulation or protection.
**5. Software Development:**
Explain how the software for the solar tracking system will work. You’ll need to:
– Interface with the light sensors to detect the sun’s position.
– Implement algorithms to calculate the optimal angles for the solar panels based on the sun’s position.
– Control the motors to adjust the solar panels’ orientation.
– Handle any user interface if you’re incorporating manual controls or monitoring.
**6. Mechanical Design:**
Detail the mechanical design of your tracking system. Describe how the solar panels will be attached to the motors and how the system will move to follow the sun. Include information about the range of motion and limitations.
**7. Testing and Calibration:**
Explain how you’ll test and calibrate your solar tracking system. This might involve testing the system’s ability to accurately follow the sun’s path, as well as fine-tuning the software algorithms for optimal performance.
**8. Performance Evaluation:**
Once your system is operational, evaluate its performance by measuring the increase in energy production compared to fixed solar panels. You can also assess how well it adapts to changing weather conditions and tracks the sun accurately.
Summarize the project, its outcomes, and the benefits of your solar tracking system. Discuss any challenges you faced and potential areas for improvement.
**10. Future Enhancements:**
Suggest ideas for future enhancements to your solar tracking system. This could include integrating weather prediction data, remote monitoring and control, or even using machine learning to optimize tracking algorithms.
Remember that building a solar tracking system can be a complex project involving electronics, programming, and mechanics. It’s important to plan thoroughly, research the components you need, and iterate as necessary to achieve the best results.
* Product Images are shown for illustrative purposes only and may differ from actual product.
Package Includes :
- 1 x Solar Tracking System Project.